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HTML – reference

July 19, 2009 Leave a comment

Code embed

<pre>  &lt; html &gt;  </pre>

Basic Tags

<html></html> Creates an HTML document

<head></head> Sets off the title and other information that isn’t displayed on the Web page itself

<body></body> Sets off the visible portion of the document

Body Attributes

<body bgcolor="pink"> Sets the background color, using name or hex value

<body text="black"> Sets the text color, using name or hex value

<body link="blue"> Sets the color of links, using name or hex value

<body vlink="#ff0000"> Sets the color of followed links, using name or hex value

<body alink="#00ff00"> Sets the color of links on click

<body ondragstart="return false" onselectstart="return false"> Disallows text selection with the mouse and keyboard

Text Tags

<pre></pre> Creates preformatted text

<hl></hl> Creates the largest headline

<h6></h6> Creates the smallest headline

<b></b> Creates bold text

<i></i> Creates italic text

<tt></tt> Creates teletype, or typewriter-style text

<cite></cite> Creates a citation, usually italic

<em></em> Emphasizes a word (with italic or bold)

<strong></strong> Emphasizes a word (with italic or bold)

<font size="3"></font> Sets size of font, from 1 to 7

<font color="green"></font> Sets font color, using name or hex value

Links

<a href="URL"></a> Creates a hyperlink

<a href="mailto:EMAIL"></a> Creates a mailto link

<a href="URL"><img src="URL"> </a> Creates an image/link

<a name="NAME"></a> Creates a target location within a document

<a href="#NAME"></a> Links to that target location from elsewhere in the document

Formatting

<p></p> Creates a new paragraph

<p align="left"> Aligns a paragraph to the left (default), right, or center.

<br> Inserts a line break

<blockquote></blockquote> Indents text from both sides

<dl></dl> Creates a definition list

<dt> Precedes each definition term

<dd> Precedes each definition

<ol></ol> Creates a numbered list

<ul></ul> Creates a bulleted list

<li></li> Precedes each list item, and adds a number or symbol depending upon the type of list selected

<div align="left"> A generic tag used to format large blocks of HTML, also used for stylesheets

<img src="name"> Adds an image

<img rajaram="name" align="left"> Aligns an image: left, right, center; bottom, top, middle

<img src="name" border="1"> Sets size of border around an image

<hr /> Inserts a horizontal rule

<hr size="3" /> Sets size (height) of rule

<hr width="80%" /> Sets width of rule, in percentage or absolute value

<hr noshade /> Creates a rule without a shadow

Tables

<table></table> Creates a table

<tr></tr> Sets off each row in a table

<td></td> Sets off each cell in a row

<th></th> Sets off the table header (a normal cell with bold, centered text)

Table Attributes

<table border="1"> Sets width of border around table cells

<table cellspacing="1"> Sets amount of space between table cells

<table cellpadding="1"> Sets amount of space between a cell’s border and its contents

<table width="500" or "80%"> Sets width of table, in pixels or as a percentage of document width

<tr align="left"> or <td align="left"> Sets alignment for cell(s) (left, center, or right)

<tr valign="top"> or <td valign="top"> Sets vertical alignment for cell(s) (top, middle, or bottom)

<td colspan="2"> Sets number of columns a cell should span (default=1)

<td rowspan="4"> Sets number of rows a cell should span (default=1)

<td nowrap> Prevents the lines within a cell from being broken to fit

Frames

<frameset></frameset> Replaces the <body> tag in a frames document; can also be nested in other framesets

<frameset rows="value,value"> Defines the rows within a frameset, using number in pixels, or percentage of width

<frameset cols="value,value"> Defines the columns within a frameset, using number in pixels, or percentage of width

<frame> Defines a single frame — or region — within a frameset

<noframes></noframes> Defines what will appear on browsers that don’t support frames

Frames Attributes

<frame src="URL"> Specifies which HTML document should be displayed

<frame name="name"> Names the frame, or region, so it may be targeted by other frames

<frame marginwidth="value"> Defines the left and right margins for the frame; must be equal to or greater than 1

<frame marginheight="value"> Defines the top and bottom margins for the frame; must be equal to or greater than 1

<frame scrolling="value"> Sets whether the frame has a scrollbar; value may equal “yes,” “no,” or “auto.” The default, as in ordinary documents, is auto.

<frame noresize="noresize"> Prevents the user from resizing a frame

Forms

For functional forms, you’ll have to run a CGI script. The HTML just creates the appearance of a form.

<form></form> Creates all forms

<select multiple name="NAME" size=?></select> Creates a scrolling menu. Size sets the number of menu items visible before you need to scroll.

<option> Sets off each menu item

<select name="NAME"></select> Creates a pulldown menu

<option> Sets off each menu item

<textarea name="NAME" cols=40 rows=8></textarea name> Creates a text box area. Columns set the width; rows set the height.

<input type="checkbox" name="NAME"> Creates a checkbox. Text follows tag.

<input type="radio" name="NAME" value="x"> Creates a radio button. Text follows tag

<input type=text name="ram" size=20> Creates a one-line text area. Size sets length, in characters.

<input type="submit" value="NAME"> Creates a Submit button

<button type="submit">Submit</button> Creates an actual button that is clicked

<input type="image" border=0 name="NAME" src="name.gif"> Creates a Submit button using an image

<input type="reset"> Creates a Reset button

input box to array: <input type=”text” value=”inputboxasarray”    name=”omain[one][1]” />

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